City landscape design provides for competent space organization and its decorative function, creation of green oasisin urban environment. In order to create beautiful landscape design the knowledge of landscape design principles, landscape styles and materials is required. Ready landscape design requires the knowledge of dendrology, pedology, botany and plants physiology.
Different types of landscape design can be applied to city gardens and parks, highlighting parks advantages, while hiding drawbacks. Landscape design types depend on chosen garden style and given conditions (land layout, park size, climate, engineering communication). Park landscape design works to create recreation areas and stroll opportunities. Water features, platforms, pavilions and historical monuments can be placed in parks. City landscape design should be balancedand well-considered, avoiding over planting and over decorating.
Landscape design in European cities provides for necessary green areas in public gardens, squares, and parks. Landscape design in big and average European cities increases urban comfort level, minimizing harmful chemical substances in the air. Landscape design transforms the city into a more welcoming area, sustaining ecological balance.
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One of landscape design rules is getting the right proportion of shapes and volumes, choosing right plants andmaking sure that colors correlate. Chosen garden elements must work in harmony, creating aesthetically pleasing environment. Landscape design basis is thoroughly planned area design, which implements one of the existing garden styles. Functional zoning, right plants and small architectural forms selection are also taking into account here, not mentioning the basic principles of decorative composition and their future implementation. One of the important moments in landscape design is setting clear aims, from the first beginning up to the desired outcome.
Winter landscape design combines coniferous and evergreen plants. These species create necessary garden structure whendeciduous plants shed their leaves.In winter landscape design transforms owing tospecies which are decorative all year round.
Landscape design styles
Each landscape design style has its own peculiarities, meets certain standards and rules. Specific layouts, certain garden elements and details are typical landscape style tools. Both landscape and formal landscape design styles are common in cities. City areas are supposed to have alleys and water features, hedges, paved pathways and squares. Such elements belong to formal style. Meandering pathways and mix borders, lawns and water features with smooth lines, lack of ordering are, on the other hand, typical for landscapedesign style. Hi-tech, modern, mediterranean, Mauritius, Chinese and Japanese styles are also quite common in city landscapedesign.
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Sometimes one can observe a mix of landscape styles, brought together in one garden: for instance,dominant landscape style with some formal elements in the entrance garden area.
Modern landscape design
Modern landscape design helps to create unique green architecture objects, thanks to huge experience of specialists in this field. Modern design is practical and aesthetically pleasing, works to improve ecology level of the surroundingenvironment, using new technologies and materials as its tools. Modern landscape design in gardens combines different styles and ideas, comfort playing a big role here. Each landscape design element should work to connect all garden features, including house architecture, into one harmonious picture. The examples of landscape design can be observed in gardens and parks of european cities (London, Paris, Berlin, Rome and Prague).